Earth is all that we see around us and more. The land we build on, the air we breathe for life, the soil we till for food, the waters, the glaciers, the mountains and more.
On our Earth, the rate of formation of resources and replenishment is millions of years behind the rate of consumption. Here are ten easy things you can do at home to protect Earth and conserve her resources.
1) Reduce Consumption of Products: Buy only what you need, buy products that are long-lasting, biodegradable, easily repurposed or recyclable. Also, reduce food waste by buying and cooking only what you can finish at once.
A third of the food produced annually ends up wasted along the value chain, while 1 in 9 people across the world goes to sleep hungry every day.
2) Sort your Waste for Recycling: Return recyclable wastes into the production chain to reduce demand for exploitation on virgin resources. Recycling also reduces the energy, water and time required to make new products. Recycling organic waste into compost reduces the need for chemical fertilizers on subsistence farms.
3) Reduce Wastage of Water: Despite 70% of the Earth being covered in water, only 2.5% of it is fresh and safe for human consumption and only 1% of the 2.5% is accessible to us as they are mostly trapped in glaciers. Although the volume of water on Earth has fairly been constant, the increased global population has gravely increased the competition for this finite resource.
Reducing wastage of water in your home by switching off water taps when not in use and taking short baths will increase the availability of water resources for others.
4) Conserve Electricity: Electricity is not freely available in nature in the quantity that we require, it is produced in power plants which are driven mostly by fossil fuel (others include water, wind, geothermal energy or nuclear fission). Electricity and heat generation process is the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions globally (31%).
Conserving Electricity while maintaining energy efficiency is tantamount to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. To conserve electricity, switch off appliances when not in use.
5) Reduce use of Fossil Fuel: Carbon-dioxide is released every time we burn fossil fuel either in our generators or cars or kitchen. While these are necessary for a good life, reducing the need to burn fossil fuel by adopting cleaner energy sources like solar and biogas will reduce GHG emission and improve air quality.
6) Plant Trees: Along with superficial advantages like a shed from direct sun, Trees are natural carbon sinks that take in the emitted carbon.
7) Start a Garden: Gardens also take in carbon from the atmosphere. Most importantly the provide you with fresh organic vegetables, reducing the possibility of chemicals been washed into our water bodies.
8) Use fewer Chemicals: Use organic products in your home for beauty and cleaning.
9) Use Less Paper: Paper, energy (charcoal for cooking) and urbanization are the leading causes of deforestation. According to WorldAtlas, it takes about 24 trees to make a tonne of standard office paper. Paper production also contributes significantly to air and water pollutions.
Using less paper by going digital will reduce demand for tree falling and water consumption. You can also choose to use recycled paper.
10) Speak up! Educate Someone Else about this topic. Tweet about conserving natural resources and pollution.
Do you have more ways we can protect the Earth while at home? Type in the comment section.